How to Recognize Quality Marijuana Seeds Did you know that you can tell whether marijuana seeds are of quality or not before you even buy them? Being able to do that helps you to avoid wasting Learning how to germinate cannabis seeds is essential to all future growing success. Properly popping beans puts you on the road to healthy plants and heavy harvests. But there are a few things to consider in order to master how to germinate cannabis seeds the right way. Seeds of the same strain can produce different looking plants. These are called phenotypes, and to solve the problem, you must pheno-hunt. We show you how.
How to Recognize Quality Marijuana Seeds
Did you know that you can tell whether marijuana seeds are of quality or not before you even buy them? Being able to do that helps you to avoid wasting your money on poor quality seeds and get a good harvest from your outdoor marijuana seeds. So, if you are looking for the best ways to help you buy high-quality marijuana seeds, then you are in the right place. Here are the major things that you should look out for and do when buying cannabis seeds:
1. Appearance and Feel
Getting used to how quality marijuana seeds look is one of the reliable ways you can use to get the best ones. When it comes to the appearance of marijuana seeds, look for those with shades of black and grey. Seeds with this characteristic are usually genetically superior and healthier compared to those that do not. Also, seeds with these shades might have a tiger stripe aesthetic, which is another trait that shows quality.
High quality and healthy seeds also seem like they have some wax coating on their shells. To be sure if the seeds you want have this characteristic, expose them to bright light. Doing so should cause some sheen effect.
Something else that you should do before buying your seeds is touching them to feel if they are firm. To do that, use your index finger and thumb to squeeze one of the seeds. Don’t squeeze with a lot of pressure but with enough to test how resilient it is. If the seed does not break or bend after you press it, then that shows it’s quality. Poor-quality seeds usually crumble or crack after you apply some pressure on them. So, squeezing can be an excellent way to determine whether they are what you are looking for.
Young and immature marijuana seeds are usually white and green. The chances of young seeds to germinate are very low, and if they do, they take a lot of time. You can purchase different types of cannabis that are of optimal age from top dealers to ensure you get the best quality yield.
2. Do the Floating Test
This test is easy to do and effective in determining the quality of cannabis seeds. For products made with CBD from hemp, it doesn’t require testing of the finished product. Testing can be performed on the cbd oils to determine each chemical that helps in treating medical issues like anxiety, arthritis, etc. It also helps us to know how long does it take for cbd oil to work.
Put some distilled or spring water in a glass jar and place a few seeds inside.
If the seeds remain buoyant on the water surface, then chances are that they are of poor quality and you should not purchase them. High-quality seeds should sink when you place them in water.
However, you must give the test some time before concluding on the results as the seeds might take long to sink. So, for how long should you be patient with the test? Around one or two hours should be enough to give you results. High-quality seeds take long sometimes to absorb enough water to make them sink and you might have to wait for some time.
3. Look at The Size and Shape
Size is one of the things you should consider when looking for quality marijuana seeds as it’s very easy to determine the right one. High-quality seeds are usually larger. This method comes in handy, especially when the seeds are in a packet and you can’t open it to look or feel them. Since high-quality seeds are large, they will be lesser when packed as they occupy more space than smaller seeds. Big marijuana seeds usually have more energy and potential to mature fast and even produce a more fruitful harvest.
You can also tell the quality of cannabis seeds by looking at their specific shapes. Pick different seeds and compare them side to side. High-quality seeds should be symmetrical or have a teardrop shape. Poor quality seeds, on the other hand, are usually more irregular in shape.
4. Storage Conditions
It might be tricky to get enough information on the storage conditions of the seeds you want to buy. However, if you can, then you will be in a better position to determine their quality. If possible, buy marijuana seeds from a dealer who stores them in cool and dry conditions. Why? Seeds saved in such situations can hardly get mould or any other fungal issue that can tamper with their quality.
Also, avoid buying seeds that you find in bags. Prefer buying them from reputed and legal online services like ontario cannabis. Seeds in containers are most likely of poor quality since that shows that an invading male has most probably pollinated the female plants. This pollination hinders the production of resin, which is the substance that contains THC. When marijuana seeds pollinate, they become denser, which means that their worth will be less than what you will pay for.
5. Weight of the Seeds
Size mostly determines the weight of the seed. Dense seeds are usually of better quality than the lighter ones. Old seeds lose their nutrients and moisture, which makes them bright. So, considering the weight can help you avoid buying mature seeds that won’t give you the results you want after you plant them and instead get heavy, high-quality seeds.
6. Cost of the Seeds
High-quality seeds usually cost more. However, you can find some poor-quality seeds that have incredibly high prices on the market, which makes combining this factor with others quite essential. Going for cheaper seeds might cost you because they might lead to losses since they are more likely to give you unsatisfactory results even after investing your time and money to grow them. So, go for seeds whose price is relatively higher because they are more likely of quality compared to the cheaper ones. For this, online dispensary canada is the best option.
7. The time Seeds Take To Germinate
The best way to determine the quality of marijuana seeds is to germinate them. However, don’t buy seeds in bulk and grow them for experimental purposes because what happens if they are not of quality? To be on the safer side, after considering all the above factors, buy just a small amount of cannabis seeds and plant them. It shouldn’t take long for them to germinate. If the seeds germinate properly and show the potential to grow well, then, their quality is high. That way, you can go back and get more to plant since you are sure that they will give you great results.
Growing marijuana can be a little bit tricky, especially when you don’t know what to look for when purchasing the seeds. So, consider all these significant factors that we have looked at in this article, and you will never waste your money on poor quality seeds again. Even better, purchase your seeds from the best dealers that deals in providing even small amount like 50mg CBD and seeds as they guarantee you that you’ll get the best quality without much hassle. Visit herbonaut.com to know more about it.
How To Germinate Cannabis Seeds: A Step-by-Step Guide
“It all starts with a seed.” Learning how to germinate cannabis seeds is essential to all future growing success. Properly popping beans puts you on the road to healthy plants and heavy harvests. But there are a few things to consider in order to master how to germinate cannabis seeds the right way.
Step 1: Choosing Seeds
First, you must decide on what seeds to grow and where to get them. Seek out trustworthy seed companies that have been around and have a track record of successful breeding. Take a look at our High Times Seed Bank Hall of Fame for a list of 50 of the most well-known and accomplished strain creators.
Don’t have seeds mailed to the location where you’re growing or planning to grow. Beginners might want to start with an indica-dominant strain that will stay small and stocky with a short flowering time.
Sativa-dominant strains tend to stretch more and have longer flowering times. If your seeds have been sitting around in storage for a while, check out these tips for germinating old seeds.
Step 2: Sprouting Seeds
Some people choose to use the moist paper towel method to germinate their seeds but I recommend just sowing them directly into the medium you plan to grow in. This reduces any stress the seedling will suffer through the transplanting process and secures the young plant firmly into your chosen mix.
Moist Paper Towel: Place seeds on a plate between two moistened paper towels. Put a plate on top to cover and within a couple of days, you should see the seed cracked open and a taproot emerging. Immediately and carefully (using tweezers) place your seed into your growing medium taproot down and water it in.
There’s nothing inherently wrong with using a moist paper towel, as long as you’re gentle with the emerging tap root and as long as you don’t let the taproot grow too long before planting. My belief is simply to start the plant in its own medium to reduce the likelihood of damaging the tender young roots and shoots.
Straight Into Medium: Poke a hole in your pre-moistened grow medium of choice. Drop your seed in about a quarter- to a half-inch deep. Cover the seed with more of your medium and tamp it down gently.
The important thing is to not plant too deeply and to keep the medium moist and warm for the best germination success rate. Clear plastic wrap placed over the top of the container helps maintain humidity. A heating mat underneath your plastic tray will increase your success rate as well.
Step 3: Seedling Care
Within a few days, you should see a minuscule green shoot emerging from the top of your medium. Immediately get your seedling under adequate grow lighting. Ideally, for the strongest growth rate, you want Metal Halide (MH) lighting, but Fluorescent or LED (Light-Emitting Diode) lighting works fine and won’t produce as much heat.
No matter what lighting you choose, always remember not to keep your grow-light too high above your seedling as this will make it stretch to reach the light and leave your young plant looking long and lanky.Use a timer to make sure the lights are on for at least 18 hours per day. Learning how to germinate cannabis seeds also means treating the emerging seedlings with the proper care.
Temperature and Humidity: You never want your seedlings to dry out. Keep your medium moist but not soaking wet. The air in your grow space should be kept warm, between 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit and with a relative humidity between 50-60 percent.
Use a thermometer/hygrometer to keep track of these factors at all times. As your plant adapts to its new environment, you will see new foliage sprouting forth. Your plants are now well into their vegetative stage of plant growth.
Final Hit: How To Germinate Cannabis Seeds
Now that you know how to germinate cannabis seeds, you’re ready to begin the process of growing your own weed. Just remember, provide light, food and water to your plants when they need it and keep the environment within acceptable levels of temperature and humidity. You’ll avoid so many problems by simply maintaining the proper parameters.
One last tip: Remember to label your seeds, seedlings and clones to avoid confusion and costly mistakes. Now get growing!
Why Seeds of the same Strain produce Different looking plants
Did you pop a bunch of seeds of the same strain, and yet every single one was different? Did you wonder if you did something wrong, or maybe the seed bank ripped you off?
Most likely, the truth is that you did nothing wrong, and the seed bank did not rip you off. Instead, you are looking at the phenotypic variety that can be expressed by the cannabis strain you selected.
What is phenotypic variety? Well in this article, we will explain how there can be variances among plants of the same strain. Before you select and maintain a mother for cloning, you must first ensure you have selected the right phenotype.
Growing from Seed can result in a lot of variation among your plants.
In this section, we will discuss how seeds produce different phenotypes. Later will discuss how to apply pheno hunting to your growing practices.
Seeds are the Children of Mother and Father plants
The act of breeding cannabis involves taking pollen from a male and fertilizing the female plant. This sexual conception will yield offspring that share traits of both the mother and the father. This is how new strain varieties are created.
The offspring of two plants should represent the traits of those two plants. But will it represent those traits equally? Or will it be dominated by traits of the father? Or the mother?
If there are multiple offspring, will they all share these traits equally?
Each Seed is a different Phenotype of the same Cultivar, Strain Variety
The concept of phenotypic variety is easy to understand when you consider that most brothers and sisters are both alike but different.
Your mom and dad had kids, and their kids were all different. Sure, there are similarities among all of them, but they are all different in one way or another.
Sometimes the differences among offspring can be stark. And sometimes, two parents had a group of kids, and they are turned out pretty similar. That happens too.
And the same thing happens with cannabis. Every seed from a cannabis plant represents both the parent strain as well as its own unique identity.
Genotype vs. Phenotype
If we are to take the scientific language of biology and translate into cannabis, it goes a little something like this:
- Genotype is the strain itself.
- Phenotype is one individual version of the strain.
The genotype is the family name, say the “Smith Family.” John Smith and Pocahontas came together and formed the Smith family. The descendants that come thereafter will share the name “Smith” and will be members of the “Smith family,” but each will be a different phenotype with his or her own unique differences, along with shared similarities.
Why are there so many differences between phenotypes
There are several reasons why phenotypes can express differently. The first point we have already covered. The seeds of a cannabis plant are like children, and they will all have unique individual differences while sharing general similarities. There are other reasons, though.
One is that newer strains tend to have greater variation. This is because the breeder could have put the strain out even though it was a first generation.
Strains become more stable when they are replicated for many generations, but this takes years.
When a breeder crosses a male and female, and gets seeds, that is merely one generation. The seeds from this cross would be considered F1.
If the breeder were to pop those seeds, select a male and a female, and cross those two phenos, then we would have an F2. That is because we took seeds of the same strain, and crossed them again.
Anything less than an F1 will have great variation. But an F2 will not be as stable as an F3, and so on.
How Phenotyping applies to Cannabis Cultivation
At Smokey Okies, we popped a couple dozen seeds of Banana Cake. This strain was created by In-House Genetics, and crossed Seed Junky’s Wedding Cake with Banana OG.
We had a lot of phenos but we only kept two. Banana Cake #1 is a funky green pheno, and Banana Cake #2 is a deep, dark purple pheno with a sweeter nose.
Banana Cake #2, the purple pheno
Two seeds from the same parents and the outcomes are wildly different. See below for a picture of each pheno.
Another example is California Dream. See the side by side of these two phenos. One was an ugly plant that had massive yields. The other pheno was lighter on the yields, yet had a darker hue, with a nice contrast between purple and the orange pistils.
You see, if we would have just planted these seeds, and then cloned off of each of them, we would have 24 different phenos of the same strain. This means that each pound that we weigh out would look different. Further, because most plants don’t yield more than a quarter pound, each of our bags would contain many different phenos. It would look like a mess. There would be no consistency bud to bud, and the bag appeal would be lost.
But not only that, the other problem with combining multiple phenos is that these are basically different strains, to an extent. They all have different THC and terp profiles, and therefore they can taste and smell different.
Pheno hunting brings consistency to all aspects of cultivation.
First, it brings consistency to the end product. Mixed phenos do not have the same bag appeal as a clean crisp bag of uber consistent nugs.
Second, your cultivation practices will be streamlined by only dealing with one pheno. That’s because phenos can grow differently – taller, shorter, wider, etc.
That means that if you have a table full of California Dream, you want to run an even canopy. You want to string trellis along the top of a proper looking plants. When you have multiple phenos, it’s like having a dozen different strains all growing differently.
Lastly, pheno hunting — the act of collecting data and numbering your strains – allows you to know what you’re really working with. If you are not tracking your phenos, then you will always be dealing with question marks. Everything will be different all the time and you won’t know if it’s something you did or if it was because of the pheno.
In our next article, we will show you how to implement phenotyping into your growing practices. Until then, rest assured that you did nothing wrong to create this outcome of wildly different plants. It is a part of the nature of the plant.
However, if you are wanting to seize greater control over the outcome – what farmer doesn’t? – then you must implement phenotyping and pheno hunting.