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101 Guides for cannabis growers and marijuana enthusiasts – Join the green revolution and start growing your own! Keen to know more about cannabis bud structure? Our guide explains the detail and botany that make up our beloved cannabis buds. Big Bud marijuana seeds, offers only the most popular marijuana seeds at the best prices. Fast Delivery!

10Buds Growing Guide

Whether it’s your first time growing weed or you’re a cultivation expert, 10Buds provides the most up-to-date information on how to grow cannabis.

Never waste a cent again by choosing the perfect cannabis strain from the best online seed bank with our in-depth reviews. Whether you grow cannabis indoors or outdoors, we’ve curated grow guides that are a cut above the rest and tailored to growers of every skill level.

Allow us to guide you through the process of growing weed, such as germination, vegetation, flowering, and, ultimately, harvesting and curing top-shelf cannabis flowers. From start to finish, our step-by-step grow guides cover everything from A-Z to ensure a trichome-packed harvest.

When you’re ready to take your cannabis garden to the next level, our cannabis grow guides are the ultimate source.

Step 0: Cannabis 101

If you’ve never grown weed before — this section is for you. Step 0 is the basics of growing cannabis and answers all of the necessary questions before you begin to grow your own weed.

If it’s not your first time growing weed and you feel confident with the basics, head over to Step 1.

Growing Marijuana is Cheap

One of the best reasons to grow your own cannabis is because it can be as cheap as you want it to be.

Where some growers spend hundreds of thousands of dollars setting up a state-of-the-art grow facility — you can harness the power of the sun, a garden hose, and dirt straight from your backyard.

Whether you grow marijuana indoors or outdoors, there’s always tips and tricks to keep the bill down and the yield way up.

Growing Weed is Easy

Easy is a relative word; however, cannabis is called weed for a reason.

That’s right; cannabis is a prolific grower that’s typically tough to kill and extremely beginner-friendly. As with anything, you’ll come across a difficult strain to grow at some point, but never-the-less, marijuana is one of the easiest plants to grow and well worth your time.

You Can Control The Quality When Growing Your Own Weed

Unless you grow your own cannabis, you can never trust the quality of another grower.

Cannabis plants are grown worldwide and are traded multiple times until they reach you — the consumer. From pesticides to poor agricultural practices, you’ll never know how the plant was grown or what was put on it.

One of the best reasons to grow your own weed is because you can control the quality. The final product is everything you want it to be — from organic soil to meticulously trimmed buds that you want to smoke.

Growing Cannabis is Fun!

There’s nothing more fun than coming home to inspect your ladies.

After a long day, you’ll be hard-pressed to feel frustrated while gazing at a room (or closet) full of beautiful cannabis plants. Since you’re new, every aspect of growing marijuana will be filled with wonder and excitement.

Growing weed is a hands-on experience that forces you to feel the plants, smell the flowers, and indulge in the final product. Believe us when we say that growing weed will change your life forever.

Ditch the Dispensary or Dealer

Buying weed is outrageously expensive. If you’re tired of paying upwards of $20 per gram for WhoKnows OG, it’s high time to learn how to grow your own marijuana.

Once you learn how to grow weed, each gram can be as cheap as $1. That’s right — growing weed significantly drops the price — so you can pocket the cash and smoke the best homegrown on the block.

You Can Make Money From Growing Weed

Another primary reason why you should grow marijuana is that you can make money.

Whether you decide to make growing cannabis your profession eventually or you want to smoke for free — making a bit of cash from your harvest is a tried-and-true option.

From selling marijuana to a local dispensary or to a fellow medical marijuana patient, growing weed is truly a green experience.

The Cost of Growing Marijuana Indoors

Growing marijuana indoors is typically more expensive than growing outdoors.

Growing cannabis indoors allows you to grow top-shelf buds in a controlled environment. However, the high-quality flowers of growing cannabis indoors come at a cost. From grow equipment to electricity bills, growing marijuana indoors may cost between $500 to $5,000 and up.

The overall cost of growing your own marijuana depends on the grow equipment purchased, the number of plants, and the required energy.

The Cost of Growing Marijuana Outdoors

Growing weed in the great outdoors has some serious perks, such as free electricity, soil, and beneficial microorganisms.

However, outdoor growers must contend with mother nature’s mood swings, such as environmental fluctuations, pests, and disease. Whether you’re on a budget or want to grow cannabis au natural — growing weed outdoors is much cheaper than growing marijuana indoors.

Overall, expect to pay $200 to $2,000+ on your outdoor cannabis garden.

Potential Yield From Growing Cannabis Indoors

Every cannabis grower’s indoor garden will vary in size. As you will learn, the size of the garden dictates the size of the plant.

There are two ways to measure the yield per plant. The first way is by calculating meters squared, such as nine cannabis plants within a square meter. In this case, 450-550-grams of marijuana is the average yield.

The second method is to yield per plant. However, yields vary depending on plant size. Overall, expect single plants to yield between 200-450-grams.

Potential Yield From Growing Weed Outdoors

Growing outdoors allows you to produce monster yields.

Typically, outdoor plants are enormous because they have an abundance of space to grow. Depending on the cannabis strain, outdoor growers can expect to yield between 450-1,000-grams per plant.

Marijuana plants are living things.

As such, they require basic elements to grow and produce a healthy crop of frosty flowers. The recipe for happy weed plants is basic, and it consists of water, nutrients, light, temperature, and air among other things.


All cannabis plants require nutrients.

Nutrients are chemical elements that cannabis plants need to perform necessary functions to complete their life cycle. From leaf color to flower growth, nutrients are a critical component that you must incorporate into your cannabis garden.


Like all living things, cannabis plants require an abundance of water.

Regarding cannabis plants, water is the necessary element that transports nutrients and sugar throughout the plant. Furthermore, water assists with photosynthesis and maintains the plant’s overall structure.


There are two primary reasons why cannabis plants need light.

The first is for the necessary function of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the act of converting light energy into chemical energy to power the cannabis plant’s activities.

Furthermore, cannabis plants are photoperiodic, which means weed plants react to the amount of light received. This physiological reaction enables marijuana plants to grow or flower continuously.


Marijuana plants typically require a pleasant temperature range, such as 72-84°F. However, some cannabis strains may flourish in warmer or colder conditions.

The reason why cannabis plants need an ideal temperature range is to protect itself from the negative consequences of drought or frost.


Cannabis plants require a humidity range of 40-45%.

The reason why marijuana plants need this humidity range is because they must evaporate excess water through the leaves (transpire). As the water vapor exits via the leaves, the cannabis plant can continue to draw nutrients from the soil or hydroponic system.


All cannabis plants require a medium to anchor the root system.

A medium can be anything that cannabis roots interact with, such as organic soil, water in a hydroponic system, rockwool cubes, or coco coir. Overall, the medium is responsible for supplying roots with air, nutrients, and water.

Air Circulation

Marijuana plants require air circulation for two primary functions.

First, constant airflow across the cannabis plant makes it stronger. Next, when you grow multiple cannabis plants close to each other, the overall humidity level rises. Air circulation reduces the concentration of humidity and decreases the chance of pests, diseases, fungal, and bacterial outbreaks.

Marijuana plants require carbon dioxide because it assists with photosynthesis. CO2 and water are the two elements needed to convert light energy into energy (sugar).

CO2 is naturally found everywhere; however, you may have less if you grow marijuana indoors without fresh air access.

One of the most essential aspects of growing weed is understanding the anatomy of cannabis plants.

Learning how to determine males from females and different portions of the cannabis plant is crucial to a successful harvest.

Cannabis Seeds

Cannabis seeds vary in size, from 2-7mm in length. Furthermore, cannabis seeds exhibit various markings depending on the strain.

As you look at a cannabis seed, you’ll notice a round end and a pointed end. All cannabis seeds contain a radicle and a set of cotyledons to begin its life.

Cannabis Seedlings

Once the cannabis seed germinates, the radicle digs into the medium, and the cotyledons grow toward the light. At this stage, you now have a cannabis seedling.

The cannabis seedling consists of two cotyledons that contain 1-2-weeks worth of nutrients. The cotyledons are not real leaves; however, after 3-5-days, true leaves will emerge from the stem.

Juvenile Cannabis Plants

2-3-weeks after germination occurs, the cannabis plant is classified as a juvenile.

The juvenile cannabis plant consists of 2-3 nodes, an elongated stem, and multiple fan leaves that contain 3-5 leaflets. Furthermore, the root zone continues to expand during this stage.

Male Cannabis Plants

First and foremost, male cannabis plants do not produce weed. Instead, male cannabis plants produce pollen, which is the enemy of all cannabis cultivators who want to grow THC-packed weed.

Typically, male cannabis plants produce stocky stems and squat growth. Overall, only cannabis breeders grow males in order to create seeds.

By the 4th week of growth (6-8-weeks after germination), the male cannabis plant will exhibit pre-flowers along the 4th to the 6th node. The pre-flowers grow from the axillary bud (staminate primordia) and produce small pre-pollen sacs.

Female Cannabis Plants

Female cannabis plants are responsible for producing weed. As a cannabis cultivator, the overall goal is to find and flower female cannabis plants.

By the 4th-week of growth (6-8-weeks after germination), the female cannabis plant exhibits pre-flowers along the 4th to the 6th node. The pre-flowers grow from the axillary bud (pistillate primordia) and produce a small round sac that emits 1-2 pistils.

As long as the female cannabis plant is kept away from males (and their pollen), it continues to produce pistils, calyxes, and bracts in search of pollen.

Male Cannabis Flowers

Once a male cannabis plant reaches sexual maturity and the flowering stage, it will emit an inflorescence of male flowers. Once again, male flowers do not produce weed.

The male inflorescence consists of numerous flowers along a branch. Each node contains 2-4 flowers, and as the flowers open, the male stamens are exposed. The male stamens contain pollen sacs that release millions of grains of pollen.

Female Cannabis Flowers

Once a female cannabis plant reaches sexual maturity and the flowering stage, it will begin to flower.

The female flower consists of an ovule, bract, and a pair of pistils. As the female cannabis plant flowers, hundreds of calyxes form along each node. The calyx is the protective layer that surrounds the bract and ovule.

If the pistil receives pollen, the pollen travels down the pollen tube and fertilizes the ovule. It is within the ovule that the cannabis seed forms.

However, if the female plant does not receive pollen, it will continue to flower and produce more pistils, bracts, and calyxes. After 7-10-weeks (or more), the female flower is ready for harvest.

Feminized Cannabis Seeds

If your goal is to grow weed easily, you must grow only female marijuana plants. Feminized seeds are made to produce only female cannabis plants through in-depth breeding methods.

Due to this unique feature, it’s recommended that beginners use feminized cannabis seeds. Not only will feminized seeds save you a lot of time, but they also prevent unruly cannabis males from ruining your garden.

Nearly all cannabis strains come in feminized form and flower within 7-12-weeks. Therefore, you can rest assured that you’ll find a wide variety of feminized indica, sativa, and hybrid seeds for your indoor cannabis garden.

Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds

Autoflowering cannabis seeds contain Ruderalis genetics, which is a type of species of cannabis that does not rely on the changing seasons, such as from summer to fall, to produce flowers.

Instead, autoflowering cannabis seeds rely on an internal clock that speeds up the entire growing process. As such, autoflowering strains do not grow tall and are ideally suited for those with limited space.

Additionally, autoflowering strains are typically feminized. Therefore, autoflowering seeds are by far the most beginner-oriented seeds available.

Autoflower cannabis seeds are the cruise control option for cannabis cultivators. Whether it’s your first time growing weed or you don’t have the time, autoflowering cannabis strains are the perfect solution for the indoor marijuana garden.

Autoflowering seeds can be indica, sativa, or hybrids and flower within 7-12-weeks after germination.

Regular Cannabis Seeds

Regular cannabis seeds produce male and female marijuana plants, which makes them difficult to grow. Therefore, regular cannabis seeds are not recommended for beginners.

Regular marijuana seeds are suited for professional cannabis cultivators or those with a lot of experience. Overall, regular cannabis seeds require more space, time, money, and effort to grow compared to feminized or autoflowering cannabis seeds.

Regular seeds can be indica, sativa, or hybrids and flower within 7-12-weeks depending on the strain.

Germination Stage

The first step in the cannabis life cycle begins with the germination stage.

Once you add water onto the feminized cannabis seed, several chemical reactions occur throughout 24-48-hours. During this critical phase, the root and shoot emerge from the seed.

Seedling Stage

Once you’ve successfully germinated your cannabis seed, the radicle forms the root system, and the shoot produces two cotyledons.

The seedling stage is an incredibly vulnerable time and lasts anywhere from 1-2-weeks.

Juvenile Stage

The juvenile stage is the phase where a cannabis plant finds its legs.

In other words, the juvenile stage encourages root expansion, stem elongation, node formation, and leaf growth. It’s during the juvenile stage that your cannabis plant will begin to look like a marijuana plant.

Overall, the juvenile stage lasts between 1-2-weeks.

Vegetative Stage

For feminized strains, the vegetative stage lasts for 2-12-weeks. Outdoors, feminized strains may vegetate between the months of April to July until flowering begins in August. Indoors, however, growers may allow the strains to veg for 1-4-weeks.

The vegetative stage requires increased nutrition and water as the plant becomes larger and larger. Overall, a cannabis plant in the vegetative stage will produce extensive roots, branches, nodes, and leaves.

Most importantly, the cannabis plant that is well into the vegetative phase is sexually mature, which means it exhibits pre-flowers to identify males and females. Even if you buy feminized marijuana seeds — you must always check to ensure the sex is female.

Lastly, the vegetative phase is characterized by an abundance of light, such as the 18/4 or 24/0 light schedule indoors or the long daylight summer hours in outdoor gardens.

Pre-Flowering Stage

The pre-flowering stage occurs once the light schedule is set to 12/12 indoors or when fall begins outdoors.

The decrease in light signals to the cannabis plant that it’s time to begin the flowering stage. However, the pre-flowering stage encourages last-minute growth and can double or triple a plant’s size within 2-weeks.

It’s during the pre-flowering stage that the sex of the cannabis plant is apparent. It’s at this stage that you must check your feminized strain is, in fact, female.

Flowering Stage

The flowering stage occurs 2-weeks after the pre-flowering stage.

During the flowering stage, the female flowers will swell in size due to the production of calyxes, bracts, and pistils, and THC-packed trichomes. In general, the flowering stage lasts between 7-10-weeks from the beginning of the pre-flowering stage.


Once the flowers are ripe — it’s time to harvest. This is the final stage of the cannabis life cycle that results in the cannabis plant’s death.

If you’re learning how to grow marijuana, this is one of the last and most essential steps until you get to indulge in your own homegrown bud.

Germination Stage

Autoflower seeds germinate the same as feminized cannabis seeds.

Seedling Stage

Autoflowering seedlings are grown similarly to feminized seedlings.

Vegetative Stage

Autoflowering cannabis plants grow quickly and do not stay in the vegetative stage as long as feminized strains.

Autoflowering marijuana strains typically stay in the vegetative stage for 2-4-weeks. Once the strain reaches maturity, an internal clock will force the autoflowering strain to the next phase.

Flowering Stage

The flowering stage of autoflowering plants lasts between 6-8-weeks, depending on the strain. It’s at this stage that the autoflowering strain produces THC or CBD-packed flowers.


Similar to feminized strains, harvest time begins once the cannabis flowers ripen. This is the final stage of the autoflowering strain’s life cycle.

Indica Flowering Stage

It’s important to note that feminized indica seeds flower in a shorter time-frame than sativa seeds.

The primary reason why indica strains have a shorter flowering window is their genetic origin in regions that experience short summers. Therefore, indicas flower quickly, such as 7-9-weeks, and are ideal for cultivators who need a quick harvest.

Sativa Flowering Stage

It’s important to note that feminized sativa seeds flower in a longer time-frame than indica seeds.

The longer flowering time for sativas is due to their genetic origin in tropical or subtropical zones that exhibit long summers. In other words, sativas take longer to flower, such as 9-12-weeks. However, the additional time typically leads to a large yield.

Cannabinoids, also known as phytocannabinoids, are naturally-occurring chemical substances found within trichomes of the cannabis plant.

There are over 100 identified cannabinoids; however, we’ll discuss the most notable examples below.


Tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC, is the most common and abundant cannabinoid found in cannabis flowers.

THC is a psychoactive cannabinoid, producing a “high” or “stoned” effect. Ultimately, THC is sought after for its recreational and medicinal properties.


Tetrahydrocannabinol-acid, also known as THCA, is the inactive (precursor) form of THC and is abundant in fresh cannabis.

THCA is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that provides substantial relief against seizures, migraines, and inflammation. Once heated to 230F and above — THCA converts to THC in a process known as decarboxylation.


Tetrahydrocannabivarin, also known as THCV, is a relatively minor cannabinoid that does not produce psychoactive effects.

Instead, THCV is known to promote appetite loss, reduce anxiety, elevate mood, and reduce the effects of neurological diseases. THCV is typically found in THCV-rich hemp strains.


Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is the second most important cannabinoid found in cannabis plants.

CBD is found in large concentrations in hemp strains. Although CBD can be found in THC-rich cannabis strains — the level of available cannabidiol is typically much lower than those found in hemp cultivars.

CBD is notable for its medicinal and non-psychoactive effects. CBD is known to relieve and deter a wide variety of mental and physical issues.


Cannabidiolic Acid, also known as CBDA, is the precursor to CBD.

As such, CBDA is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that’s found in hemp and cannabis strains. Once temperatures reach 230F and above, CBDA decarboxylates into CBD.

Ultimately, CBDA is believed to be much more effective than CBD. The primary method to consume CBDA is via raw extracts, such as tinctures, capsules, juiced hemp flowers.


Cannabigerol, also known as CBG, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that’s found in small concentrations in both hemp and cannabis plants.

Due to the scarcity of CBG — CBG-rich products are challenging to find and expensive. However, CBG is extremely effective at reducing inflammation, glaucoma, and neurological disorders. Furthermore, CBG offers antibacterial properties and even cancer-fighting effects.


Cannabinol, also known as CBN, is a cannabinoid that forms once THC breaks down.

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Once THC ages, the THC molecules break down into the CBN molecule. Overall, CBN is mildly psychoactive while promoting relaxing effects that stimulate the sleep cycle.

Ultimately, CBN is present once THC-rich cannabis flowers have undergone intensive oxidation and degradation.


Cannabichromene, also known as CBC, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid known for its pain-killing ability.

Although found in small quantities, CBC is a potent cannabinoid used for its anti-inflammatory effects. Furthermore, CBC promotes neurogenesis in patients prone to neurological disorders.

CBC-rich products are only found in extract form due to their scarcity in cannabis flowers.

What is the Entourage Effect?

The entourage effect is the term that describes the holistic function of multiple cannabinoids interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system.

The overall idea behind the entourage effect is that each cannabinoid acts synergistically with another to promote profound effects throughout the human body.

The only way to experience the entourage effect is by consuming cannabis products that are not stripped of cannabinoids during the production process.

Step 1: Choosing to Grow Cannabis Indoors or Outdoors

Growing cannabis indoors and outdoors both offer advantages and disadvantages.

There are a multitude of aspects to consider when choosing to grow cannabis indoors or outdoors. Let’s look at the pros and cons of growing weed in indoor and outdoor environments.

Indoors Outdoors
Costs Expensive start-up and maintenance costs + Extremely affordable
Skill More technical than growing weed outdoors (Requires more care and maintenance) + The easiest method to grow marijuana
Weather + Complete control of the environment
Requires ventilation and air filtration
No control over environmental conditions
Growing Season + Grow cannabis year-round Seasonal. One crop per season (unless using autoflowering strains)
Yield + Large Yield + Large Yield (Final yield heavily dependent on local climate)
Discretion + Discrete Not discrete
Light Requires electricity setup + Free sunlight
Threats + Lower prevalence of pests High prevalence of pests, fungi, bacteria, and disease

When growing cannabis indoors — you control everything.

Indoor cannabis gardens are an entirely different beast when compared to growing weed outdoors. From the technical know-how to start-up costs, growing weed indoors is a labor-intensive endeavor.

However, your efforts will not be in vain when growing marijuana indoors. If you’re after High Times quality buds, there’s no better option than growing weed indoors.

Let’s look at everything you need to know about growing marijuana indoors for the first time.

The Potential Cost and Yield of Growing Cannabis Indoors

The first questions that come to mind are how much does it cost to grow weed and how much weed can I yield indoors?

The answer to this question is — it depends.

Here’s a brief example of the potential cost of growing one marijuana plant vs. ten:

  • One cannabis plant grown indoors: $1,000
  • Ten cannabis plants grown indoors: $2,500

Now, let’s take the same examples and look at the potential yield of one cannabis plant vs. ten:

  • The yield of one marijuana plant grown indoors: 450-grams
  • The yield of ten marijuana plants grown indoors: 4,500-grams

In the above example, the price-per-gram of growing a single cannabis plant indoors is $2.22. On the other hand, the price-per-gram of growing ten cannabis plants indoors is $0.55.

The overall lesson is that the more weed you grow, the cheaper the cost per gram. Therefore, it’s always a bright idea to raise more than one feminized or autoflowering seed when growing weed indoors.

However, you can head over to the How to Grow Weed Indoors article to overview the total value for money and effort, where we cover topics on cost, yield, the golden ratio, and calculating the price-per-gram when growing weed indoors.

Equipment Needed For Growing Weed Indoors

The indoor cannabis garden will not function correctly without essential pieces of equipment, such as:

As you’ll learn, buying the best equipment for growing marijuana indoors is necessary to ensure a bountiful harvest of resin-coated buds.

If you want to learn about all of the required pieces of equipment for growing marijuana indoors, jump to our How to Grow Weed Indoors article and read the section on the equipment needed for growing weed indoors.

*If you already know which tools you need, head over to Step 2 to choose the best equipment for your indoor weed garden.

How to Plan an Indoor Cannabis Garden

Building a solid foundation is necessary for all aspects of life. Therefore, planning your indoor cannabis garden is no different.

Read our How to Grow Weed Indoors article and head over to the section titled How to Plan an Indoor Cannabis Garden to learn everything you need to know to get your marijuana garden up and running.

By following each step, you will adequately prepare your garden for each stage of the growing process.

The Pros and Cons of Growing Marijuana Indoors

Now that you understand everything there is to know about growing weed indoors, let’s sum everything up with the pros and cons of growing cannabis indoors.

Pros of Growing Weed Indoors

  • Top-shelf flowers
  • Increased yield potential
  • Complete control of the environment
  • Year-round growing
  • Discrete
  • Less prevalence of pests and disease

Cons of Growing Weed Indoors

  • Expensive start-up costs
  • Electricity bills
  • More technical than growing weed outdoors
  • Requires ventilation and air filtration
  • Requires more TLC than growing weed outdoors

There’s nothing quite like growing weed in the great outdoors.

Cannabis plants show their true potential outside, and it makes sense — the outdoors is their natural environment. Let’s take a look at everything you need to consider when choosing to grow marijuana outdoors.

The Potential Cost & Yield of Growing Marijuana Outdoors

The first thought that comes to mind when choosing to grow marijuana outdoors is the potential cost and yield.

Growing marijuana outdoors is by far the most affordable method when compared to indoor cannabis cultivation. Furthermore, the yields of outdoor-grown weed typically eclipse that of cannabis grown indoors.

Let’s look at two different examples to understand the potential cost and yield of growing one plant versus ten plants outdoors.

  • One cannabis plant grown outdoors: $300
  • Ten cannabis plants grown outdoors: $2,000

Now, here’s the breakdown of potential yield from the same example:

  • The yield of one marijuana plant: 500-grams
  • The yield of ten marijuana plant: 5,000-grams

In the above example, the price-per-gram of a single outdoor-grown cannabis plant costs $0.60. The price-per-gram of ten outdoor marijuana plants is $0.40.

The underlying lesson here is that the more weed you grow — the cheaper the cost per gram. Therefore, you should always grow more than one feminized or autoflowering plant if you can.

Head over to our How to Grow Weed Outdoors article and read the section titled The total value for money and effort for a complete breakdown on cost, yield, and the price-per-gram when growing weed outdoors.

Equipment Needed For Growing Weed Outdoors

Cannabis plants require air, light, water, and a place to anchor their roots, and all of this can be readily found in your backyard.

Here’s a list of essential tools when growing weed outdoors:

If you’re unsure which tools you require, dig deeper and read our How to Grow Weed Outdoors article and dive into the section titled equipment needed to grow weed outdoors.

*If you already know what your outdoor garden needs, skip to Step 2 and choose the best equipment for your outdoor garden.

How To Plan an Outdoor Cannabis Garden

Now that you’re ready to get your cannabis garden off the ground — it’s time to make a comprehensive plan and turn your dream into a reality.

Allow our guide, How to Grow Weed Outdoors, to walk you through a step-by-step process of planning an outdoor marijuana garden. By following each step, your outdoor weed garden will be prepared for the growing season ahead.

The Pros and Cons of Growing Weed Outdoors

Now that we’ve covered everything you need to know about growing weed outdoors, here’s a TL;DR of the pros and cons of growing marijuana in the great outdoors.

Pros of growing weed outdoors:

  • Growing cannabis outdoors is easy
  • Affordable
  • Reduced carbon footprint
  • Less attention required compared to indoor gardens
  • Large plants produce massive yields
  • Less equipment needed than indoor gardens
  • Multiple harvests per growing season (autoflowering strains)
  • No artificial lighting required

Cons of growing weed outdoors:

  • Outdoor plants are dependent on the elements or seasons
  • Not practical if you live in a densely populated city
  • Thieves, pests, and diseases are more prevalent in outdoor gardens
  • One crop per year (unless you grow autoflowering seeds)
  • Decreased flower quality

Step 2: Buy Growing Equipment

Whether you choose to grow cannabis indoors or outdoors — you must acquire various tools to push your cannabis crop to the limit.

From high-powered lighting to trimming scissors and everything in between, here’s a list of must-have equipment to help your cannabis garden thrive.

Grow lights are the cornerstone of all indoor cannabis gardens.

Without light, cannabis plants wouldn’t be able to grow indoors. Therefore, grow lights are one of the essential pieces of cannabis growing equipment in your arsenal.

However, not all grow lights are created equal. Before you pull the trigger on the first grow light you come across, you must first educate yourself on the topic of grow lights.

What are Grow Lights?

Grow lights are specialized lights intended for horticultural or agricultural use.

When growing cannabis indoors, cultivators need to mimic the natural environment of the great outdoors. Although nothing is as powerful as the sun, grow lights are built to provide all the necessary elements a plant needs via light, such as:

Grow lights are primarily suited towards indoor cannabis gardens. However, they can also be used as supplemental lighting in greenhouse cannabis gardens. Overall, grow lights are an incredible tool to grow feminized and autoflowering cannabis seeds year-round.

The Different Types of Grow Lights

Unlike cannabis growers in the early 90s, we’re blessed with a multitude of cannabis grow lights that make a world of difference in terms of plant health and yield.

Furthermore, buying cannabis grow lights is as easy as a click of a button — literally. Let’s look at the different styles of cannabis grow lights to help you get your indoor cannabis grow on track.

1. HID Grow Lights

HID (high-intensity discharge) lighting is by far the most popular type of indoor lighting.

If you asked us a decade ago which grow light was the best, we would have said HIDs — hands down. However, the times are changing, and HIDs are no longer at the top of the heap. Although they produce massive amounts of light, they are not as efficient as other lighting types, hence the sky-high electricity bill.

HID lights do, however, provide new growers with an affordable option when building their first indoor grow room. Furthermore, HID lights come in a wide array of wattages, such as

What Type of HID Grow Light Systems are Available?

Depending on your garden and budget, there are two aspects that you must choose when using a HID grow light system:

  • MH (metal halide) vs HPS (high-pressure sodium) lamps
  • Magnetic vs. digital ballasts
The Pros and Cons of HID-style grow lights:
  • Produce intense light
  • Generate massive harvests
  • Increase trichome production
  • Easy to use
  • Affordable
  • Great for multiple cannabis plants
  • Large light footprint
  • Expensive electricity bill
  • Overheating danger
  • Heavy ballast
  • Generate high heat
  • Requires other tools to cool them down
Best Use Case For HID Grow Lights

Lastly, let’s look at the best use case for HID grow light systems.

  • Vegetative Stage
  • Flowering Stage

2. LED Grow Lights

Initially, LED grow lights were not taken seriously by the cannabis cultivation community. Now, however, the tables have turned. Unlike traditional HID grow lights, LEDs utilize light-emitting diodes.

LEDs are increasingly popular among beginners and professionals alike. From high light output to lower electricity bills and heat output, LEDs are an excellent option for your indoor cannabis garden.

Typically, you’ll find LED grow lights with a wide array of wattages, such as:

The Pros and Cons of Growing Cannabis Indoors with LED Grow Lights.
  • Efficient
  • Emits low heat
  • Long lifespan
  • Full-spectrum lighting
  • Low electricity bill
  • Very versatile
  • Large light footprint
  • Expensive upfront cost
  • Not as powerful as HID or plasma lighting
  • Risk of light bleaching
Best Use Case For LED Grow Lights

Now, let’s look at the use cases for LED grow lights.

  • Germination stage
  • Juvenile stage
  • Vegetative stage
  • Flowering stage

3. Plasma Grow Lights

Plasma grow lights are at the forefront of indoor lighting technology.

Plasma lights fuse the sheer power of HID bulbs while utilizing the efficiency of LEDs. In other words, plasma lighting offers the best of both worlds in a streamlined grow light package.

The Pros and Cons of Plasma Grow Lights:
  • High efficiency
  • Massive light output
  • Decreased heat emission
  • Full-spectrum lighting
  • Lower electricity bill than HIDs
  • Large light footprint
  • Expensive upfront cost
  • Too powerful for small grow rooms
Best Use Case For Plasma Grow Lights

Let’s look at the best stages to use plasma lighting in the indoor garden.

  • Juvenile stage
  • Vegetative stage
  • Flowering stage

4. Fluorescent Grow Lights

Another suitable option for indoor cannabis growers is fluorescent lighting.

Fluorescent bulbs offer new cannabis growers a happy medium of low wattage and decent light output. Although fluorescent lighting isn’t nearly as powerful as a plasma or HID, it allows growers to move the lights closer to the cannabis canopy.

Two common types of fluorescent lighting are popular among marijuana cultivators:

  • T-5 grow lights
  • CFL grow lights
T-5 Grow Lights

T-5 grow lights are elongated and are typically between 12-60 inches in length. The number of T-5 bulbs depends on the manufacturer. However, you will find T-5 systems that contain 2-8 bulbs per unit.

The Pros and Cons of T-5 Grow Lights:
  • Powerful light output
  • Efficient
  • Easy to find
  • Bulbs are cheap to replace
  • Easy to use
  • Can be placed near the canopy
  • Low electricity bill
  • May not fit in small grow rooms
  • Multiple units needed to cover a large area
  • Relatively expensive
  • Not as powerful as traditional HID or Plasma
Best Use Case For T-5 Grow Lights
  • Seed germination stage
  • Juvenile stage
  • Vegetative stage
CFL Grow Lights

CFLs, on the other hand, are compact fluorescent lights. CFLs are the small bulbs that must be replaced when they burn out, such as your living room lamp or nightstand lamp. As it so happens, these same bulbs can be used to grow cannabis indoors.

The Pros and Cons of CFL Grow Lights:
  • Does not require a ballast
  • Easy to use
  • Very affordable
  • Can be placed near the canopy
  • Produces negligible heat
  • Low electricity bill
  • Weak light output
  • Ineffective for multiple plants
Best Use Case For CFL Grow Lights
  • Germination stage
  • Juvenile stage

Which Grow Light Should I Use?

This is a tricky question that many new cannabis growers get hung up on.

Should you choose the 1,000-watt electricity guzzling HID or the eco-friendly 600-watt LED for your new grow tent? How about a high-output T-5 over the 300-watt HPS for your single plant closet grow?

Before you make a decision, here are the criteria you must consider to find your best option.

  • The size of the grow room
  • The total number of feminized or autoflowering plants
  • The ability to cool the grow room down

Let’s quickly sum up each consideration:

The Size of the Grow Room:

First, the size of the grow room dictates the type of grow light. If you’re growing in a small closet, it’s best to choose an energy-efficient light that doesn’t produce much heat, such as LEDs or CFLs. Alternatively, a larger room may benefit from more light, which is accomplished with the help of a HID, plasma, or high-watt LED.

The Total Number of Feminized or Autoflowering Plants:

Next, knowing how many feminized or autoflowering plants will go in the garden helps you determine how much light your grow room requires. You may buy a grow light that produces too much or too little light without understanding this concept.

A single autoflowering cannabis plant does not need a 1,000-watt HID. Instead, a low-watt LED or T-5 system will suffice. As you can see, the more plants, the more light required to satisfy your cannabis crop.

The Ability to Cool the Grow Room Down:

Lastly, can you quickly reduce the temperature in your grow room or grow tent? If you’re only willing to answer one of the three considerations we’ve previously mentioned in this grow guide — make sure it’s this.

For example, a cannabis garden located in the attic can benefit from various grow lights — depending on the ventilation scenario. If you can vent hot air out of the grow room, you can harness any grow light of your choice. If you can’t vent excess heat from the grow room, you must choose a grow light that emits low heat, such as a CFL, LED, or T-5.

How Do I Hang Grow Lights?

One of the most common questions we receive from beginners is how to hang grow lights. Although we’ll dive deeper into this subject with a step-by-step guide, let’s cover the basics of hanging grow lights.

If growing weed in a grow tent, you can easily hang grow lights with chains or rope-ratchets. If you build your own grow room, you may need to drill anchor points in the ceiling to hang your grow lights.

There are two primary types of hangers for grow lights:

  • Adjustable hangers
  • Jack chain

Without going into too much detail, adjustable hangers allow you to quickly raise or lower your grow lights as your feminized or autoflowering plants grow. Alternatively, jack chains are more difficult to adjust.

Grow Lights and Fire Safety

One of our chief considerations when creating this grow guide for beginners is our readers’ safety. Although safety is often overlooked, we believe it’s a primary consideration that every new cannabis grower needs to understand before learning how to grow weed.

Whether you’re new to growing weed or have a few grows under your belt, let’s put on our serious face for a moment and consider grow lights and fire safety.

Remember, grow lights require power, which means electricity. Faulty or improperly setup grow light systems are the primary cause of indoor grow room fires. As such, you must ensure that the grow light you choose is certified for safety.

Here’s a list of safety certifications to look out for:

  • UL listed
  • CE marketing
  • ETL certification
  • FCC certification

There are other considerations to mitigate the possibility of a fire, such as circuit breakers, which we’ll expand upon later in our cannabis grow guide series.

With so much power under the hood of modern-day grow lights, it’s better to be safe than sorry when choosing the best grow light for your indoor garden.

The grow tent is one of the essential pieces of equipment for your indoor cannabis garden.

Thousands of cannabis cultivators worldwide rely on grow tents to provide a dedicated space for marijuana plants. Furthermore, grow tents are meant to work with other equipment pieces, such as grow lights, ventilation, and much more.

If this is your first time growing weed, it’s time to read this grow guide to discover grow tents.

What are Grow Tents?

Grow tents are enclosed gardens that allow cultivators to create a perfect environment for cannabis plants — indoors.

Modern-day grow tents are made from durable canvas, such as heavyweight Cordura. The foundation of the grow tent consists of PVC poles, which create the skeleton. Once the PVC poles are erected, the canvas is stretched across to form the overall structure.

At their very core, grow tents provide growers of all skill levels with a grow room that only takes a few minutes to build. Ultimately, grow tents make it easier to grow weed at home.

Now that you understand what a grow tent is let’s look at the different available types and how to choose the best grow tent.

The Pros and Cons of Grow Tents

If you jumped into this section to quickly find out if grow tents are right for you, here’s a list of the pros and cons of grow tents:

  • Affordable
  • Easy to build
  • An excellent choice for beginners
  • Easier to control pests and diseases
  • Energy efficient
  • Limited grow space
  • Reduced accessibility
  • Difficult to customize

What are the Different Sizes of Grow Tents?

Grow tents come in all shapes and sizes, which allows you to pick the best tent for your needs. Whether you want to grow cannabis in a closet or your bedroom — you’ll find a grow tent with the perfect fit.

See also  Outdoor Cannabis Seeds

Here’s a list of the most common grow tent sizes:

  • 2x2x6’11”
  • 2x4x6’11”
  • 4x4x6’11”
  • 4x8x6’11”
  • 8x8x6’11”

As mentioned, this is not an exhaustive list of available grow tent sizes, but instead, the most common and popular. The primary reason why each of these sizes is popular among indoor cannabis growers is that they offer the perfect size for non-professional cultivators.

Most beginners that are learning how to grow marijuana indoors do not need a 10x10x6’11” grow tent. Instead, most new cannabis gardeners find a happy medium between the 4×8′ and the 2×2′.

Although we’ll outline the specific criteria to look for when choosing a grow tent, here’s a pro tip — always pick a grow tent you can grow with. In other words, choose a grow tent that’s big enough to let you expand your garden as you find your inner green-thumb.

What is the Cost of a Grow Tent?

Grow tents range from $100 to $2,500.

Of course, the cost depends on a range of factors, such as

As always, you must choose a grow tent according to your budget. However, you must seek a grow tent that offers the best bang for your buck. We’ll discuss more about choosing a grow tent below in this guide.

Benefits of Growing Weed in a Grow Tent

Now, let’s look at the benefits of growing weed in a grow tent.

Easy to Set Up

One of the best aspects of growing weed in a grow tent is their ease of use.

We would never recommend something for beginners if it weren’t easy to use. Grow tents are so easy to set up that nearly anyone can do it.

Overall, grow tents consist of a canvas covering and a PVC structure. The steps to assemble a grow tent are minimal and can be completed with your eyes closed. Ok, maybe not with your eyes closed, but you get the point.

Quickly Reduce Heat

Another reason why you want to grow weed in a grow tent is because of its enclosed space.

Thanks to the sealed environment, you can utilize inline fans to remove excess heat generated from the grow lights. Removing excess heat provides a comfortable ambient temperature for your grow room, which means happy plants.


Grow tents are surprisingly affordable.

We understand that affordable is a relative term, but the vast majority of grow tents cost below $500. When compared to building your own grow space, an instant grow room is well worth the money.


When you’re new to growing weed, the last thing you need is complications.

Building your own grow space requires quite a bit of carpentry skills, so it’s always more convenient to use a grow tent. Grow tents are easy to set up, and they allow you to get your garden up and running within a moment’s notice.


Grow lights pump out an impressive amount of light — especially HIDs and plasma systems. Unless you want to signal to everyone in town that you’re growing weed, grow tents keep the light contained.

Additionally, grow tents are surprisingly discrete in their appearance. A small grow tent may not warrant the attention of guests at your home.


Grow tents offer protection for your indoor cannabis crop in multiple ways.

First, grow tents are light proof, ensuring light from outside the tent does not leak inside. Remember, cannabis plants are sensitive to light cycles, and it’s dangerous to subject flowering cannabis plants to light during dark periods.

Next, grow tents protect cannabis plants from a myriad of harmful aspects inside the home. For example, indoor cannabis crops can be destroyed by an overly excited dog. Furthermore, dust, pollen, and even fungal spores are kept at bay by the grow tent’s sturdy material.

Optimized Environment

The most significant benefit of grow tents is their ability to produce an optimized environment.

Grow tents are built with cannabis growers in mind; therefore, it’s ready to contain inline fans, grow lights, filters, and much more.

As you piece together the equipment to outfit your grow tent, you’ll soon be ready for lift off. You’ll be amazed by the quality and quantity of weed that’s achievable with a fine-tuned grow tent.

How to Choose the Best Grow Tent

Now, let’s briefly look at what you need to look for when choosing a grow tent.

Remember, you don’t need the latest and greatest grow tent to grow excellent weed. Instead, you need a proven design that’s ready to handle your new-found cannabis endeavor.

First and foremost is the size of the grow tent.

When deciding on the size, you need to ask yourself — where will this grow tent be in the first place?

Once decided, measure the area and find a grow tent that exhibits slightly fewer dimensions to ensure the right fit.

Number of Cannabis Plants

Next, how many cannabis plants do you intend to grow?

Remember, the number and size of cannabis plants will rely on the size of the grow tent. Therefore, you must consider the size and number of plants in conjunction with the grow tent’s overall size.


There are thousands of grow tent brands, but not all are created equal.

Therefore, you must find a grow tent that is light proof. Grow tents must keep grow light contained in the grow room and outside light out.

Remember, a lightproof grow tent provides discretion and prevents hermaphrodites.


Always ask yourself — should I buy once or twice?

By choosing a durable grow tent, you will likely grow cannabis in it for years on end. However, if you buy a cheap grow tent, you may need to buy another soon after as it begins to fall apart after one or two grow cycles.

Inner Mylar

When you learn how to grow marijuana indoors, you should always be concerned about the amount of light your plants receive.

If you cannot provide any more light to your cannabis crop via increased wattage, worry not — there’s another grower’s tip to help you out.

Mylar is a highly reflective material that’ll increase the brightness in the grow room. Make sure you choose a grow tent with durable mylar walls to increase the light in the garden.


Furthermore, you should always look for a grow tent that provides several features.

Here’s a list of features that no budding-cannabis grower should forego:

  • Multiple cinching ducting ports
  • Multiple doors/entrances
  • Viewing window
  • Multiple cinching electrical ports
  • Thick canvas density
  • Spill tray
  • Adjustable roof
  • Ultra-strong support poles

Remember, the grow tent is a stand-alone cannabis garden. Everything will be inside, from grow lights to fans, and the grow tent should be equipped to handle everything.


It’s essential to choose a cannabis grow tent that’s versatile.

The reason we emphasize versatility is that grow tents will provide several roles during its tenure. Here’s a list of possibilities that you grow tent can provide:

  • Act as a germination room for your feminized or autoflowering cannabis seeds
  • Act as a breeding room
  • Act as a vegetation room
  • Act as a flowering room
  • Act as a drying and curing room

As you can see, the possibilities are endless with a high-quality grow tent.

Ease of Use

Last but not least is to consider the ease of use of a grow tent.

The mantra, keep it simple, stupid (KISS), rings loud and clear when choosing a grow tent for your upcoming indoor cannabis garden.

Always choose a grow tent that offers easy access, along with an adequate number of ports. As long as all of your growing equipment fits comfortably inside, you’ll have a stress-free growing experience.

Let’s talk about grow media.

Whether you grow indoors, outdoors, or in outer space, all plants must be grown in grow media. As you glide through this guide, you’ll find everything you need to know about the different media types and which are the best for budding cannabis cultivators such as yourself.

What is Grow Medium?

When you hear cannabis cultivators talk about grow mediums, they are merely speaking about the material they grow their cannabis plants in.

If I told you that I grew my cannabis plants in organic soil, organic soil is the grow medium. If I instead tell you that I’m using rockwool cubes, then rockwool cubes are the grow media.

The term grow media is lingo from traditional horticulture and agriculture. It has, however, caught on among weed growers. As you’ll soon find out in this guide, there are three primary categories of grow mediums, which are further broken into smaller sub-groups.

What is The Function of Grow Media?

Grow media presents a platform where cannabis roots:

  • Derive nutrients, air, and water
  • Provide an anchor point to support the plant
  • Allow for root expansion

As you can see, grow media is essential for your indoor or outdoor cannabis plant to thrive. If your cannabis crop has no means of retrieving nutrients, air, or water — it will rapidly die. The same will happen if the roots have nowhere to go or if the plant cannot hold itself upright.

Therefore, learning about grow media is one of the first steps to growing cannabis at home.

What Are the Different Types of Grow Mediums?

Next, let’s look at the different types of grow mediums.

To make this easy to digest, we’re breaking this section into three parts — hydroponic, soil, and hybrid-based media. We’ll briefly describe the sub-groups found in each type. As you learn about each, you’ll soon realize which may best suit your needs and growing style.


There’s a misconception among beginners that hydroponics means growing cannabis in water. Although there is truth to this, hydroponics simply describes growing plants in something other than soil. With this in mind, hydroponic grow mediums are also known as soilless mediums.

The glaring differences between hydroponic and soil are that soilless mediums are chemically inert and require bottled nutrients to feed the plants.

Here’s a list of hydroponic-based mediums that are popular among cannabis cultivators:


Water is a primary medium that’s used for hydroponic cultivation. Whether the water is inside a bucket or a tray, water provides roots with air, nutrients, and, of course — water.


Rockwool is made from mineral wool and is one of the most interesting soilless growing mediums around. Rockwool efficiently retains moisture and allows cultivators to grow large plants in small rockwool blocks.

Clay Pellets

Clay pellets, also known as expanded clay, is another excellent hydroponic-based medium. Not only are clay pellets reusable, but they retain moisture and provide exceptional aeration to the root zone.


Perlite is a volcanic glass that’s been expanded through intense heat. Perlite is incredibly porous; however, it does not have any water retention capabilities.

Coco Coir

Coco coir, also known as coco, is the inner fiber found in coconuts. Coco coir efficiently retains moisture, provides aeration, and is reusable.

Now, when you hear cannabis cultivators talk about soil, they are talking about a combination of minerals, organic matter, beneficial organisms, water, air, and the remains of decaying organisms.

Suddenly, dirt doesn’t sound so dull, does it?

Aside from this massive ingredient list, soil is chemically reactive. However, we will not discuss the chemically reactive nature of soil in this guide.

To sum soil up, here are three different types of soil that you can use to grow marijuana at home:

  • Store-bought soil
  • Soil from your backyard
  • Soil amendments, such as worm castings and bat guano.

As a final point, soil provides the food necessary for cannabis plants to thrive. In other words, say goodbye to expensive bottled nutrients.


Last but not least is hybrid-based mediums. Hybrid mediums are exciting because they bridge the gap between hydroponics and soil. In other words, hybrid-based media provides increased aeration, high water retention, and greater control when feeding marijuana plants.

Common hybrid combinations are:

  • Soil and perlite
  • Soil, sphagnum peat moss, and perlite
  • Soil, coco coir, and perlite

We could go on and on because the combinations are endless. However, the examples mentioned above are commonly used for cannabis cultivation among professionals and beginners alike.

Lastly, hybrid-based grow mediums are popular among cannabis cultivators because you can create your own blend. By buying bags of soil and soilless grow media, you can experiment with a variety of ratios to build the perfect grow medium for your indoor or outdoor marijuana garden.

The Cost of Grow Media

Now that you have an idea of the different types of grow media let’s look at the general cost of each.

The number of cannabis plants and the size of the containers ultimately dictates the amount of media required. Here are a few examples to give you an idea of the cost of grow media when cultivating a single feminized cannabis plant.

  • 5 cubic foot bag of organic soil: $35
  • One 6” rockwool cube: $5
  • 5 cubic foot bag of hybrid grow media: $30

As you can see, it’s more expensive to grow a single cannabis plant in soil or a hybrid-based medium. However, the cost of growing in soil and hybrid-based mediums decreases as you grow more feminized and autoflowering seeds.

Which Grow Media is Suitable for New Cannabis Growers?

If you’re new to growing weed — you want the most straightforward media to pull off your first harvest.

The most suitable medium for growers in our Beginner’s 101 class is none other than soil.

Some of you may ask, “why soil? Shouldn’t I grow in rockwool like all the pros on YouTube?”

Unlike hydroponics, soil offers natural buffers within the media that absorb the multitude of mistakes that beginners encounter during their pot-growing debut. Furthermore, soil does not require expensive pH and EC meters.

However, this is not to say that you shouldn’t dip your toes in soilless-based mediums for your first grow. Soilless growing media, such as coco-coir and rockwool, is suitable for beginners, but they require an additional learning curve and expensive tools to monitor pH and nutrient levels.

The Pros and Cons of Hydroponic, Soil, and Hybrid-Based Grow Media

Whether you stuck with us through this guide or skipped to the TL;DR section — here’s the summed up pros and cons of each type of media.

Pros Cons
Hydro – Promotes ultra-fast growth
– Provides the largest yield
– Customizable nutrient regimen
– You are in total control
– Easy to flush
– Easy to transport (light)
– Reusable (some)
– Requires expensive tools
– Requires technical know-how
Small mistakes lead to significant consequences
– Not all hydroponic-based media is reusable
– Requires continuous moisture
Soil – Absorbs beginner’s mistakes
– Natural & organic
– Produces large yields
– Doesn’t require expensive tools
– Doesn’t require in-depth know-how
– Reusable
– Efficiently retains moisture
– Difficult to flush if you provide too much nutrient
– Difficult to transport (heavy)
– Difficult to customize
Hybrid – Generates significant yields
– Promotes vigorous plants
– Customizable
– Easy to flush
– Retains moisture
– Requires expensive monitoring tools
– Requires technical know-how
– Doesn’t absorb beginner’s mistakes

By now, you almost have everything you need to grow weed at home.

The next ingredient you need for a successful marijuana garden is nutrients. However, what are nutrients, and why are they so crucial for cannabis cultivation? From your plant’s overall health to bud production, nutrients are about to become your new best friend.

In this guide, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about growing cannabis with nutrients.

What are Nutrients?

In a nutshell, nutrients for growing weed are pre-made products that contain the essential micro and macro-nutrients that a cannabis plant needs to thrive.

Each nutrient has a role to play, such as:

  • Build thick stems
  • Maintain green leaves
  • Increase resin production
  • Stack the flower’s weight
  • And much more

As you can see, nutrients are a vital piece of the puzzle as you learn how to grow weed.

Remember, the term nutrients are broad. Since you want to use nutrients to grow cannabis — you must make sure you buy the correct product.

Let’s continue to the next section of this guide to teach you about the nitty-gritty aspects of nutrients for growing weed.

What Are The Different Types of Nutrients Used For Growing Weed?

Now, let’s look at the different types of nutrients for growing cannabis.

1. Nutrients For Hydroponic-Based Media

When it comes to growing weed in hydroponics or soilless-based media, you’ll need to use bottled nutrients. Bottled nutrients are concentrated nutrients that contain all of the necessary nutrients at precise ratios.

Bottled nutrients must be mixed with water and monitored with a pH meter and an EC, TDS, or PPM meter before feeding it to your cannabis plants.

2. Nutrients For Soil-Based Media

Next up are nutrients for soil-based media.

Although organic soil already has an abundance of nutrient content, you may want to amend the soil with additional additives for an added boost. In this case, you can use:

  • Bottled nutrients (soil-specific brands)
  • Soil amendments (bat guano, worm castings, bone meal, blood meal, and so forth).

3. Nutrients For Hybrid-Based Media

If you are growing weed in a hybrid-based medium, you can use both soil or soilless-specific nutrients. However, it’s best to choose a nutrient that fits your medium’s dominant profile.

In other words, if you have a hybrid medium that contains 75% coco coir and 25% soil, it’s best to use hydro-specific bottled nutrients.

Therefore, the options are:

  • Bottled nutrients (soil or soilless-specific brands)
  • Soil amendments (bat guano, worm castings, bone meal, kelp meal, etc.)

Cannabis-Specific Nutrients and Ratios

When it comes to nutrients and plants — the proof is in the ratio.

In other words, all plants have a preferred ratio of various nutrients. Whereas cannabis plants prefer an abundance of phosphorus during the flowering stage, different species of plants might not.

Now, you may ask, “what happens if I don’t give my cannabis plants the right nutrients?”

That’s a great question, so here’s a list of potential problems that may occur if you provide the wrong nutrients.

  • Reduced yield
  • Stunted growth
  • Burned leaves
  • Yellow leaves
  • Purple stems
  • Reduced pest and disease resistance

The list goes on and on. Therefore, you must provide the right nutrients with proper ratios. It’s because of these potential issues that we recommended that you use cannabis-specific nutrients when growing weed.

Now, you must be wondering — which nutrients do cannabis plants like and at what ratio?

Let’s take a look.

Macro-Nutrients For Growing Weed

Here’s a list of the essential macronutrients that all cannabis plants need. Although macro-nutrients are commonly regarded as N-P-K, there are a few others that you must recognize.

Micro-Nutrients For Growing Weed

Next, here’s the list of essential micro-nutrients — also known as trace minerals. However, don’t be fooled by the term micro. Each of these nutrients is just as essential as macronutrients and are necessary for your cannabis plant’s overall health.

Nutrient Ratios For Growing Weed

As we mentioned previously, cannabis plants prefer nutrients in specific ratios. Don’t worry — this isn’t your introduction to chemistry class, and you’re not being graded. Instead, you can use the information in this guide to buy the best cannabis nutrients and push your cannabis crop to the limit.

The Best Grow Nutrient Ratio For Cannabis Plants in the Vegetative Stage

The vegetative phase is primarily responsible for plant growth, which means leaf production, stem elongation, and root growth. It’s no wonder why nutrient products meant for leafy growth are known as grow nutrients.

Cannabis responds the best to a nitrogen-dominant ratio during the vegetative phase. Remember, nitrogen is the primary component of green growth.

Here are two examples of acceptable grow nutrient ratios for the vegetative stage for cannabis plants.

  • A bottled grow nutrient that offers an N-P-K of 7-5-5
  • A soil amendment that provides an N-P-K of 1-0.2-2

The Best Bloom Nutrient Ratio For Flowering Cannabis Plants

Next, let’s learn about bloom nutrients.

Bloom nutrients are another way to describe nutrient products that should be used during the flowering stage. Research shows that more phosphorus and potassium during the flowering stage equals larger buds.

Here are two examples of acceptable bloom nutrient ratios for cannabis plants in the flowering stage.

  • A bottled bloom nutrient that offers an N-P-K ratio of 1-5-4
  • A soil amendment that provides an N-P-K of 4-6-4
See also  Autoflower Weed Seeds Explained

Which Nutrient is Best For Beginners?

The answer to this question depends on your grow medium.

For hydroponics – we recommend bottled cannabis nutrient kits that include grow, bloom, and micronutrient bottles.

By choosing a cannabis nutrient brand that offers separate grow and bloom mixes, you can be reassured that your plants will receive the necessary nutrient ratios during each stage of growth.

If you choose to grow cannabis plants in soil – it’s best to utilize soil amendments. The reason why soil amendments are better than bottled nutrients for soil-based media is that they do not require a pH or PPM meter.

The Learning Curve of Bottled Nutrients and Cannabis

Before you start pouring liquid nutrients onto your cannabis plants, you must first understand the bottled nutrients’ learning curve.

Unlike soil amendments, bottled nutrients are immediately absorbed by plant roots and drastically change the medium’s pH. Although rapid absorption is ideal when correcting a nutrient deficiency, too much nutrient can instantly burn your plants.

Let’s look at the various factors you must understand before you begin using bottle cannabis nutrients.

  • Mixing Nutrients with Water
  • Measuring the pH of the Nutrient Solution
  • Measuring the EC/PPM/TDS of the Nutrient Solution

The Cost of Cannabis-Specific Nutrients

As you browse nutrient brands online, you’ll find a wide variety of prices.

Here are a few examples of what you can expect when buying cannabis-specific nutrients to grow weed.

  • A bottled nutrient kit that includes both grow, bloom, and micro: $40 for three 1-quart bottles
  • All-purpose soil amendment: $20 for five pounds

Overall, bottled nutrients are more cost-effective because they are concentrated. Therefore, a single bottled cannabis nutrient kit may last multiple harvests — depending on the number of feminized or autoflowering seeds that you grow.

The Pros and Cons of Cannabis Nutrients

Finally, let’s take a look at the pros and cons of bottled and dry (soil amendments) nutrients.

The Pros and Cons of Bottled Cannabis Nutrients

  • Control and customize the nutrient profile
  • Nutrients are immediately available to the root zone
  • Bottled nutrients can last a long time
  • Possible to find organic bottled nutrients
  • Require expensive pH and EC/TDS/PPM tools
  • Increased learning curve
  • Not beginner-friendly
  • Easy to overfeed and “burn” plants
  • Unless organic, bottled nutrients are not eco-friendly

The Pros and Cons of Soil Amendments

  • Eco-friendly and organic
  • Does not require pH or EC/TDS/PPM meters
  • Beginner-friendly
  • Provides a natural buffer for beginner’s mistakes
  • Can be recycled for subsequent grow
  • Interact with beneficial bacteria and fungi
  • Takes longer to fix deficiencies
  • Not easy to customize and control
  • More expensive than bottled nutrients
  • Attracts pests
  • Unless dialed in, soil amendments produce a lower yield

*If you decide to grow cannabis in hydro or soilless-based media — this section is a must-read.

Nutrient and pH meters are the backbone of growing weed in hydro. Growing cannabis without a nutrient or pH meter is akin to driving while blind. As you can imagine, you won’t get far if you skimp out on a nutrient or pH meter.

Whether this is your first time growing weed or not, pH and nutrient meters demand your complete attention. Once you breeze through this guide, you’ll have a much better understanding of the necessity of owning a nutrient and pH meter when growing marijuana in hydroponics.

What is a Nutrient Meter?

The most basic definition of a nutrient meter is a tool that monitors the nutrient content in a given solution.

You must be asking — but what does a nutrient meter do, and why do I need one?

Well, let’s first glance back at what bottled cannabis nutrients are. Bottled cannabis nutrients are composed of mineral salts and are considered inorganic compounds. As the salt dissolves in water, you’re left with a solution.

Now, nutrient meters monitor the salt content (nutrient content) within the solution. As the nutrient meter relays this information to you, you get to decide if it’s too much or too little for your cannabis plants.

By using a nutrient meter, you’ll always know the amount of nutrients going into your plants. Without one, however, each feeding is pure guesswork. If you provide bottled nutrients to your plants without a nutrient meter, you will do more harm than good.

Therefore, a nutrient meter allows you to:

  • Provide accurate doses of nutrient
  • Customize nutrient profiles
  • Troubleshoot nutrient deficiencies and toxicities

What Are The Different Types of Nutrient Meters?

There are two types of nutrient meters that cannabis cultivators, such as yourself, rely on.

Let’s look at each type so you can familiarize yourself before you buy one.

EC Meter

EC meters, also known as electrical conductivity meters, are handheld tools that measure the electrical conductivity in a solution.

  • Measure in mS/cm or millisiemens per centimeter
  • Measure the amount of inorganic dissolved content
  • Measure electrical conductivity between salt and water
  • Are the popular choice in Europe; however, they are increasingly popular in the United States and Canada

TDS Meter

TDS meters, also known as total dissolved salt meters, are similar to EC meters. However, the primary difference between EC and TDS meters is:

  • TDS meters measure both inorganic and organic dissolved content
  • TDS meters measure in PPM (parts-per-million)
  • The popular choice in the United States

Which Nutrient Meter is Best For Beginners?

Both TDS and EC meters present a similar learning curve, such as the initial calibration process.

Therefore, the better question is — which nutrient meter is more accurate? Although both are accurate, EC meters are typically viewed as the most reliable.

The primary reason why EC meters are recommended over TDS is simply that EC only measures dissolved inorganic content. When you mix a nutrient solution, you want to calculate how much nutrient is in the water. Although TDS meters will provide a similar result, their readings may be influenced by other factors within the water that is not salt-based.

How Much Do Nutrient Meters Cost?

The price tag of a nutrient meter depends on its features and accuracy.

Here’s a list of examples to help you gain a better idea of how much a nutrient meter costs:

  • EC/TDS electronic inline meter: upwards of $600
  • Handheld TDS meter: $35
  • Handheld EC meter: $40

As you can see, handheld monitors are very affordable. However, the all-in-one electronic inline meter offers stunning features, such as rapid calibration, Bluetooth functionality, and pinpoint accuracy.

Since you’re new to cannabis cultivation, we recommend purchasing a basic handheld meter.

EC/TDS electronic inline meter

The Pros and Cons of TDS and EC Meters

Lastly, let’s touch upon the pros and cons of TDS and EC meters.

The Pros and Cons of TDS Meters

  • Provides accurate readings to feed cannabis plants
  • Affordable (depending on type)
  • Allows you to troubleshoot your cannabis plants
  • Simple to use after calibration
  • Not as accurate as EC meters
  • Expensive (depending on type)
  • Requires initial calibration
  • Requires routine maintenance

The Pros and Cons of EC Meters

  • The most accurate type of nutrient meter
  • Affordable (depending on type)
  • Provides accurate readings to feed cannabis plants
  • Allows you to troubleshoot your cannabis plants
  • Simple to use after calibration
  • Expensive (depending on type)
  • Requires initial calibration
  • Requires routine maintenance

What is a pH Meter?

Next up is pH Meters.

If you decide to grow in soilless or hydroponics — you must have a pH meter. You cannot, I repeat, you cannot cultivate cannabis in hydro without a pH meter — it’s that important.

As for the definition, a pH meter is a tool that measures the power of hydrogen (pH) from 0-14 to determine the alkalinity or acidity of a water-based solution.

If the hydrogen-ion activity is high, the water-based solution is deemed alkaline. If the hydrogen-ion activity is low, the water-based solution is acidic. If the hydrogen-ion activity is in the middle, the solution is neutral.

Here are the ranges of pH that you must become familiar with:

  • Alkaline: 8-14 pH
  • Neutral: 7 pH
  • Acidic: 1-6 pH

Why is pH Important?

Now, the golden question — why is pH important?

The answer is because all plants, especially cannabis, require nutrients to be in specific pH zones to become available to the roots.

Here are the preferred pH ranges of soil and hydro-based mediums that cannabis requires:

  • Soil: 6.2-6.7 pH
  • Hydro: 5.2-5.7 pH

If you do not feed your cannabis plants the proper pH zone, the following issues will occur:

  • Nutrient lockout (can’t absorb nutrients)
  • Stunts root growth
  • Produces nutrient toxicity

As you can see — your cannabis plant’s health depends on a proper pH’d nutrient solution.

What Are The Different Types of pH Meters?

When it comes to pH meters, there are three primary types. Let’s take a brief look at each and check their overall differences.

pH Pen

pH pens are standard among new and professional growers.

pH pens are handheld pH meters that you can quickly dip into the nutrient solution for an accurate reading. However, you must first calibrate the pH pen to ensure its readings are on-point. Lastly, pH pens are electronic, and you can easily view the pH on the screen.

pH Test Kit

pH test kits are elementary in functionality. Although they will provide a pH reading, it is a ballpark figure.

The way pH test kits work is by using a litmus paper and dipping it into the nutrient solution. As the color of the paper changes, you must match it with the kit’s indicator. However, the accuracy is nothing like a pH pen or pH monitor.

pH Monitor

pH monitors are expensive, but incredibly accurate, meters.

pH monitors are fastened to the wall, and the probe is always submerged in pH 7 solution. If you can stomach the bill, pH monitors offer some of the most exciting features, such as Bluetooth connectivity, alarm settings, and 24/7 monitoring.

Which pH Meter is Best For Beginners?

Whether it’s your first time growing weed or not, the best pH meter to start with is a pH pen.

Unlike pH test kits and expensive pH monitors, pH pens allow you to pH nutrient solution quickly, affordably, and most importantly, with confidence.

What Do I Need to Calibrate my pH Pen?

Whether you opt for the pH pen or pH monitor, you must calibrate the pH meter.

You will need a few accessories to calibrate your pH meter, such as:

  • pH 4.01 calibration solution
  • pH 1.0 calibration solution
  • pH 7 calibration solution

Using the three-point calibration method, you can rest assured that your pH meter is providing pinpoint readings.

The Pros and Cons of pH Meters

Finally, it’s the part you’ve all been waiting for — the TL;DR section. Let’s look at the pros and cons of each type of pH meter.

Breaking down the cannabis bud structure

The cannabis plant remains one of our most treasured crops. How many other crops reward their grower so richly? How many plants deliver such joy and satisfaction? From the iconic leaf shape to the glittering, sticky and aromatic buds, cannabis draws our gaze like no other. The more knowledge/understanding the grower has about their cannabis plant, the better their ability to optimise the growth. Read our detailed guide to learn more and improve your own skills.

How are cannabis buds made?
The different parts of a cannabis bud
Female vs male cannabis buds
Sativa vs indica cannabis buds
Cannabis buds colours meaning
Growing the best cannabis buds

How are cannabis buds made?

For most cannabis growers the buds, and the terpenes/cannabinoids produced by them, are the most important part of the cannabis plant. Optimise the nutrients, lighting and environment and the buds will swell and merge forming thick, long blooms.

Start with the best cannabis seeds and you can expect proven genetics that will deliver heavy crops of Grade-A cannabis buds. In nature, the cannabis buds act as the host for the cannabis seeds which form after pollination. In practise most cannabis growers work hard to ensure that no pollination occurs, this allows the plant to focus her biochemical pathways to produce extra cannabinoids/terpenes rather than use the energy to produce seeds.

Ever since feminised cannabis seeds were first created by Dutch Passion in the 1990’s the overwhelming majority of growers switched to the use of feminised seeds. These give rise to 95%+ mature female cannabis plants.

The different parts of a cannabis bud

Within the cannabis bud structure there are several different plant parts, all of which play a key role. Knowing a little more about the form and function of the female cannabis plant can help the grower understand more about the growth. The most knowledgeable cannabis growers tend to be the ones that produce the best quality harvests. Cannabis bud structure isn’t too difficult to understand and shows many similarities with other plant species.

Calyx (or bract)

A long cannabis bloom is composed of many closely packed cannabis buds. Cannabis buds are made from numerous calyxes. These are small tear-drop shaped structures that would normally encase the cannabis seed, if pollination were to occur. The calyxes are positioned between the stem and branches, they first appear as pre-flowers. Once bloom has begun the calyxes multiply, usually coated in sticky resin. For many cannabis growers, the favourite part of the cannabis bud structure are the sticky, potent calyxes!

Pistils and stigmas

Pistils provide part of the sexual function in cannabis. They have a single ovule that gives rise to two stigmas. The stigmas are the familiar hairs that emerge from the calyx. Initially they are white. As harvest approaches the stigmas often take on a more orange hue (occasionally red, pink or other colours are possible).

If the stigmas turn orange/brown quicker than expected it could be a sign that pollination has occurred. That may happen due to a deliberate pollination, or an accidental pollination if e.g. a hermaphrodite cannabis plant is present in the grow room.


A cannabis cola is the name often given to a long, fat bloom. Good quality sativa cannabis seeds are known for producing long buds. The cola is formed when a healthy cannabis plant forms numerous buds which grow closely together. In the best cases, a cola can be as long as your arm and just as wide!

Sugar Leaves

Sugar leaves are the small resin-soaked leaves that can be found in and around the blooms. Found within the cannabis bud structure, sugar leaves are often removed during the trimming process. However, due to the dense trichome coverage the sugar leaves are rarely thrown away. Instead many growers will use them to create cannabis concentrates and cannabis extracts, such as hash, cannabis oil, shatter etc.

When the sugar leaves are particularly small the grower often simply leaves them in the buds. Removing them can be fiddly, and possibly unnecessary since they are loaded with generous resin levels.

How to harvest, dry and cure cannabis


One of the favourite parts of the cannabis bud structure, trichomes are the mushroom-shaped microscopic resin glands which store terpenes and cannabinoids. They are thought to be partly designed to deter insect infestation. The sticky layer traps pests and is thought to be toxic to many.

Recent research also suggests that the chemicals in the trichomes can protect the plant from UV light damage. But to the connoisseur cannabis seed grower, the presence of a thick & pungent trichome layer is a guarantee of quality, potency and satisfaction!

Cannabis trichomes – everything you need to know

The cannabis stem forms the backbone of the plant from which the branches and blooms will emerge. However, the stem (as well as the branches) can be manipulated, bent, cut etc to allow heavier harvests.

Cannabis high stress training (HST) tutorial

Female vs male cannabis buds

Most cannabis growers are familiar with the shape/smell of female cannabis buds. Ever since the arrival of feminised cannabis seeds, male cannabis plants have been in short supply and tend to be quickly disposed of. Male cannabis ‘buds’ look more like small balls, or miniature ‘grapes’ that contain pollen. Once the pollen sacs have ruptured, the pollen is spread where it hopes to land on a stigma and create the process of cannabis seed production.

Most growers, with the exception of those making their own cannabis seeds, seek to avoid male cannabis flower at all costs. This is to prevent their harvest of cannabis buds being reduced to seed.

Autoflower vs feminised cannabis seeds explained

Sativa vs indica cannabis buds

Sativa cannabis genetics tended to evolve in tropical, moist and warm conditions. As a result of this, and to minimise chances of mold/bud rot, sativa cannabis strains tend to have a slightly more open and airy cannabis bud structure. This allows the sativa buds slightly more latitude/air flow before they suffer the dreaded botrytis mold infection.

Indica cannabis buds often evolved in slightly less humid conditions, often in cooler more mountainous and less tropical environments. That’s why the cannabis bud structure for indicas is slightly denser and more compact than that of sativa strains. The threat of mold is often much less in a typical indica habitat compared to a tropical sativa habitat – that is reflected in the way the cannabis bud structure evolved.

Indica vs Sativa: Origins, Uses and Effects

Cannabis buds colours meaning

When growing cannabis seeds (either feminised seeds or autoflower seeds) the results you achieve will depend very much on the environmental conditions used during cultivation. A pro-grower with LED grow lights and an optimised environment may get significantly superior harvests (and greater THC levels) compared to a less experienced grower with limited cultivation skills. Even when using the same cannabis genetics.

Different environmental conditions and temperatures can influence cellular biochemistry. One side effect with cooler conditions can be more autumnal hues to the bud colours. But certain cannabis strains, for example Auto Blackberry Kush, can also produce striking bud blue/purple bud colours simply due to the genetics. Different colours in the cannabis buds can be due to genetic factors, environmental factors…or both.

What do different weed colours indicate?

Growing the best cannabis buds

To get the best quality cannabis buds you need to combine the best cannabis genetics with a good grow environment. Even the world’s best cannabis grower can’t accomplish much with low quality cannabis seeds, buy the finest you can from a supplier with a solid reputation and perhaps a cannabis cup or two.

Do your utmost to optimise grow room conditions and the genetics should do the rest. These days LED grow lights are widely regarded as the best quality light source, they produce the highest THC levels and terpene content and are highly recommended.

Big Bud Cannabis Seeds

Winner of the second ever High Times Cannabis Cup, Big Bud was nearly lost forever during the United States ‘War on Drugs’, only saved after it was exported to Dutch growers in the 1980s. Thanks to the dedication of those few cannabis lovers, growers and smokers continue to enjoy the distinct nature of this incredible strain to this day. 6590 Big Bud 40.11 40.11 GBP InStock /Regular Marijuana Seeds /Feminized Marijuana Seeds /Feminized Marijuana Seeds/View All /Marijuana Seeds /Top Strains/Top Rated High Yield Marijuana Seeds /Cannabis Cultivation Types /Effects /Strain Types/Big Bud Cannabis Strains /Feminized Marijuana Seeds/Outdoor Feminized Seeds /Feminized Marijuana Seeds/Indoor Feminized Marijuana Seeds /Feminized Marijuana Seeds/Top 20 Best Selling Feminized Seeds /Regular Marijuana Seeds/Outdoor Marijuana Seeds /Strain Types/Cup Winner Cannabis Strains /Strain Types/High Yield Cannabis Strains /Medical /Feminized Marijuana Seeds/Indica /Strain Types/Indica Cannabis Strains /Top Strains /Wholesale /Sale Winner of the second ever High Times Cannabis Cup, Big Bud was nearly lost forever during the United States ‘War on Drugs’, only saved after it was exported to Dutch growers in the 1980s. Thanks to the dedication of those few cannabis lovers, growers and smokers continue to enjoy the distinct nature of this incredible strain to this day. GBP 0 0 thc:16%-19% yield:500-600gr/m² flowering_time:8-10 Weeks thc:16%-19% 6591 Big Bud – Regular 2.25 2.5 InStock Regular 6592 Big Bud Female 6.21 6.9 InStock Female 8-10 Weeks 16%-19% 500-600gr/m² Yes

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